Thursday, August 27, 2020
Think about two moral standards (Dawn) - Assignment Example According to (University of Washington,1998) Ã¢â¬Å"In the course of thinking about patients, there are a few circumstances where some kind of mischief appears to be unavoidable, and we are typically ethically bound to pick the lesser of the two shades of malice, in spite of the fact that the lesser of disasters might be controlled by the circumstancesÃ¢â¬ . At the point when we consider the other moral rule, it very well may be nitty gritty as advantage where in medical attendants are obliged to do useful for their patients and have the obligation not to do any mischief to them over the span of treatment .according to (Pentilat,2008) Ã¢â¬Å"Beneficence is activity that is accomplished to assist others. Gainful moves can be made to help forestall or evacuate hurts or to just improve the circumstance of othersÃ¢â¬ . Strangely enough, our obligation to do useful for our patients can likewise meddle with our obligation to do no harmÃ¢â¬ . The use of these standards is to secure the patient and assist them with having an agreeable existence. According to (Runzheimer,2013) Ã¢â¬Å"All medicinal services suppliers must endeavor to improve their patientÃ¢â¬â¢s wellbeing, to do the most useful for the patient in each
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Frenzy at The Discos hotly anticipated follow up to their first collection Ã¢â¬Å"A Fever You Cant Sweat OutÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"Pretty.Odd.Ã¢â¬ was discharged March 25, 2008. Gone is the Ã¢â¬Å"!Ã¢â¬ from their name, the cosmetics and unsettles from their garments, the long tongue curving melody titles and verses, yet not the nature of their music. While the new collection is totally different from the first, it is shockingly stunning. The new collection is glad yet pitiful on the off chance that you focus on the verses. The new collection is suggestive of The Beatles and will without a doubt make them chime in from start to finish. The collection highlights verses that are allegorical, for example, Ã¢â¬Å"Shes steam chuckling on the window paneÃ¢â¬ on the melody titled Ã¢â¬Å"The Piano Knows Something I DontÃ¢â¬ . It highlights verses that are otherworldly, for example, Ã¢â¬Å"She had the world upon a string however she didnt even observe me, spun the stars on her finger nailsÃ¢â¬ in the melody titled Ã¢â¬Å"She had the World. We will compose a custom exposition test on Frenzy at the Disco: Pretty.Odd. or then again any comparable subject explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page Ã¢â¬ The tunes are delightfully composed and definite. The tunes are a decent blend of old style instruments, guitars and sweet songs and appealing tunes. The band has clarified that the new collection was a collective endeavor not at all like their first collection which was composed exclusively by guitarist Ryan Ross. Likewise not at all like the other collection, it highlights Ryan Ross singing more and highlights him on target 11 Ã¢â¬Å"Behind the Sea.Ã¢â¬ On the day the collection hit stores, the band showed up on Jimmy Kimmel live to perform 5 melodies. Their exhibition highlighted 4 tunes from Ã¢â¬Å"Pretty.Odd.Ã¢â¬ incorporating the single Ã¢â¬Å"Nine in the AfternoonÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"That Green Gentlemen(Things have changed)Ã¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"Shes a Handsome WomanÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"Mad as RabbitsÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"I Write Sins Not TragediesÃ¢â¬ from Ã¢â¬Å"A Fever You Cant Sweat Out.Ã¢â¬ Seeing the band live that day was totally different from seeing them live the prior year. Brendon Uries voice is vastly improved live now than it used to be. I was fortunate enough to be in the first line of that show and it was without a doubt advantageous standing by every one of those hours in line. You can get the band in Anaheim featuring The Honda Civic Tour on June fourteenth at The Honda Center. For more visit dates and updates on the band visit www.panicatthedisco.com
Friday, August 21, 2020
The College Entrance Essay - A Quick Guide to Writing Your Entrance EssayWhile the college entrance essay may seem to be a fairly simple process, you must also keep in mind that many colleges will send dozens of essays with many similar themes. The college is trying to sift through all the other essays in order to find the one best suited for your personality and interests. The College Board does this as well. You must be able to write an essay that is unique and stands out.Now, when you get started, it's important to remember that an essay is just that, an essay. It is not some form of entertainment that you use as a form of instruction. If you're teaching or mentoring someone, then an essay can help motivate the person and if you are involved in extracurricular activities, then it can help create an environment where you can do what you want.But the college entrance essay is, of course, just that, an essay. It is meant to be an explanation of who you are and why you are interested in attending college. It should provide a specific answer to the question, 'Why should anyone care about your college experience?' and it should give specific examples of what you would do to make the college experience more exciting. It should also demonstrate that you have strong, self-motivated reasoning skills and a good sense of your own strengths and weaknesses.When writing your college entrance essay, make sure that your essays are clear and to the point. Make sure that you can understand the questions and that you can provide some sort of detail. Sometimes an essay is as good as its information and your ability to explain what you have studied and what you plan to study.It is extremely important that you really, really enjoy the school or the college that you're applying to. It can be difficult to find ways to motivate yourself to apply to a college that you hate, but try as much as possible to stay motivated. You should have a fairly good idea of the academic rigor of the c ollege that you're applying to and work toward meeting these requirements.One way to motivate yourself to write a college entrance essay is to focus on your strengths and weaknesses. You should try to turn your weaknesses into strengths. By focusing on your strengths, you are making yourself an asset to your college and you are showing yourself that you are capable of handling college work.Be sure that you can develop and remember a variety of ideas when you are working on your college entrance essay. You should consider including a list of topics that you are particularly interested in and a list of research papers that you think the college board will most likely be interested in reading. Another great idea is to include a list of resources that you can use when preparing for the college essay.Lastly, always remember that you should spend as much time as you can plan your essay. The college admission essay can be an intense experience and you should be ready for anything. If you'r e attending a local college, don't worry about time management because there will be plenty of opportunities to take advantage of. But if you're applying to a college in the Midwest or the West, you'll want to spend some time planning the essay ahead of time.
Monday, May 25, 2020
Nathaniel HawthorneÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Maypole of Merry MountÃ¢â¬ still seems to follow the traditions and conventions of English Romanticism, despite having an American concept as its subject, in its use of several Romantic themes and figures. First among these themes is that of revelry and carelessness, as the Lord of May emphasizes: O, Edith, this is out golden time! Tarnish it not by any pensive shadow of mind; for it may be that nothing of futurity will be brighter than the mere remembrance of now passing. (Hawthorne, 1147) Another theme emphasized in the story is emotion, exhibited by the Lord and Lady of May. Reminiscent of many English Romantic poems, the idea of Ã¢â¬Å"love conquers allÃ¢â¬ is reflected on the thoughts, decisions and actions theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Such incorporation is also reminiscent of English Romanticism, especially ones that highlight fear as well as passion. Several Romantic works, such as Samuel Taylor ColeridgeÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"LamiaÃ¢â¬ and John KeatsÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Å"La Belle Dame Sans MerciÃ¢â¬ , exhibit this. This, in turn, draws its roots from continental European Romanticism. But what was the wild throng that stood hand in hand about the Maypole? It could not be that the fauns and nymphs, when driven from their classic homes of ancient fable, had sought refuge, as all the persecuted did, in the fresh woods of the West. These were Gothic monsters, though perhaps of Grecian ancestry. (Hawthorne, 1145) This is further reinforced by HawthorneÃ¢â¬â¢s emphasis on fear by using it as a theme on the storyÃ¢â¬â¢s climax. In the storyÃ¢â¬â¢s penultimate scene, where the revelry ends, Hawthorne establishes a gloomy and fearful ambiance. Yes, with the setting sun, the last day of mirth had passed from Merry Mount. The ring of gay masquers was disordered and broken; the stag lowered his antlers in dismay; the wolf grew weaker than a lamb; the bells of the morris-dancers tinkled with tremulous affright. (Hawthorne, 1149) This emphasis to various emotions, almost blurring the intellectual aspect of the text, is another characteristic of Romantic literature, not only of England, but of continental Europe as well. The whole text, instead of just
Friday, May 15, 2020
Cell phones. Mobile devices that allow millions across the world to communicate and reach out. They can be used for business, to call your great-grandma Ethel, or for some people, more sinister and malicious reasons. Almost all of the American teenage population own a smartphone or some sort of cellular or mobile device, but what is their place in the classroom? I believe that they have no place in schools. I think that they are a huge distraction to students, lead to bullying and gossip, and are a very viable way for students to cheat on assignments Picture this, you are taking your semester test. This test will either make or break your grade. You are working out a very complex math equation, one which you do not have a very firmÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Sadly, we do not have to imagine it. Forty-two percent of teenagers who own a cell phone or have access to a computer, have reported being cyberbullied and twenty-percent of those have considered or even attempted suicide. The se statistics are positively revolting. With such ease of access to social media or the internet, smartphones allow bullying in and out of school. I am not saying that removing cell phones from schools would eradicate bullying, but certainly be a step in the right direction. There will always be evil in this world, letsÃ¢â¬â¢ just try to eliminate just a small portion of it. Finally, the most glaring and prominent of all the issues, using cell phones as a way of cheating. Students can very easily take a picture of the completed assignment, and send the picture to another and allow them to copy and get the answers. We all know of and have heard of the app Snapchat. This app allow one to send and receive disappearing photos and messages. It is the perfect and optimal tool for cheating in school. One can very easily complete the assignment, send it to another, they copy it down, and the picture disappears as if nothing had ever happened. This sends a clear message as to why phones ar e such a huge problem in school. How can a student be expected to learn or prosper if another is doing the work for them? The answer is simply that they can not. Again, this will not completely eliminate the problem, butShow MoreRelatedImportance Of Cell Phones In School721 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Are cells phones an improvement of learning to students? Phones and/or other electronic device are things that people are overly devoted to. Students are the main ones who are reliable on their phone for information and trending topics. The reliability on phones for students is tremendous and creates ways for students to learn topics that are far from being leaned by teaching. Learning on a phone is an easy access although for some it is not when students do not have the possession of one. TheseRead MoreImportance Of Cell Phones In School809 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesin class with a cell phone going off? Nothing is worse than a phone interrupting you during class. Some schools try to prevent t his. For example, at George Washington Middle School, students have to have their phones turned off and in their lockers. Although many people believe phones should be in schools for resources, phones shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be allowed because theyre distracting. they can hurt your education, and they can cause cyberbullying. Phones should not be allowed in school because they areRead MoreCell Phones in School: Nuisance or Learning Tool Essay673 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesCell phones over the past few years have become essential to teens. Attributable to this increase in cellphones teens bring them everywhere including school. Consequently though, students who bring them into school often use them without the teacherÃ¢â¬â¢s consent and get distracted. On the other hand, if teachers allowed the use of these devices, they could work as an aid. Although some believe that phones distract students in class, implementing them in the classroom could help learning, and may helpRead MoreThe Misuse Of Cell Phones In School?1312 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCell Phones In School Do cell phones belong in school? Many think they can be a learning revolution while others think it is a learning deficit. In November 2017, the students of Deer Path Middle School were in the middle of LA class when suddenly a studentÃ¢â¬â¢s phone blared disrupting the whole class. He was trying to play a mobile game in class. Many could not overcome the shock but the teacher took swift action and punished the student according to his crime. Misuse of Phones Phones. They are somethingRead MoreCell Phones And Their Possession At School Essay1593 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCell phones in schools Researchers show in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society that there is a higher rate of students having cell phones at school than in prior years. There are many pros and cons to children having cell phones in their possession at school. According to Maya Cohen, a 2010 Pew Research Center found that 65 percent of cell owning teens bring their phones to school despite any bans that may be in place. It is up to the child to know the rules and regulations when carrying a phone at school, and it isRead MoreShould Mobile Phones Improve Our Lives?1141 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"CANADIANSÃ¢â¬ , IN THE NEW PHONES TECHNOLOGY AGE. INTRODUCTION: Canadians of all of ages wake up to the new Advantages of the technology, it is impossible Close the eyes to the continue progress of science. Mobile phones are really very important in our Lives that we cannot think our life without them. It is long-range, portable electronic they are equipped with The high-end features and specifications that it really makes us feel great in having them in our hands. They have completely intruded inRead MoreRestricted Cell Phone Areas896 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn the article From Stone Age To Phone Age , author Barbara Ehrereich argues that all cell phones serve as a status symbol, thus presenting mankind s selfish attempt to showboat their level of importance. By publicly engaging in meaningless conversations individuals are able to obtain admirer s jealously; thus portraying that the on-lookers are lonely because of their absence of a cellular phone or lack of received calls. In fact since primal times it has been a tendency of humans to competeRead MoreCyberbullying: The New Form Of Bullying. When Sending Our1661 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCyberbullying: The New Form of Bullying When sending our children to school we expect them to be able to learn without distractions, but bullying makes that impossible. Bullying has been recognized as a problem for school children globally. In fact, school bullying has proven to be a risk factor for suicide, which has been identified as one of the top causes of death among teens (Erick Messias, 2014). Now that bullying and its importance has been acknowledged as a critical concern, several preventionRead MoreCell Phone Addiction in Ncba College Student1123 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCELL PHONE ADDICTION IN NCBA COLLEGE STUDENT A Research Paper Presented to Prof. Zenaida T. Miranda National College of Business and Arts Fairview, Quezon City In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for English 2 ( 9:30-10:30 MWF ) 2nd Semester 2007-2008 By: ________________________ Linn Dantlhee E. Estopace B.S.Accountancy March 7, 2008 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Cell phones in the country have not only broadened communications and introduced new and faster lifestylesRead MoreEssay On Importance Of Mobile Phone1270 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesyour mobile phone in your school and personal life? Cell Phones could be a really reliable tool to use when it comes to your school work and etc . It allows students to obtain answer to questions very quickly and easily but students,adults and even parents intend to get addicted on cell phones easily and itÃ¢â¬â¢s broadly proven. For past the century cell phones have been there for us helps us to our daily living there is no doubt that we use cellphones in our daily lives . Ã¢â¬Å" Cell phones have enabled
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Study (B) questioned the participants by placing short paper surveys in the womenÃ¢â¬â¢s centers waiting room. Informed consent letters were added to the surveys. The surveys incorporate four closed ended questions with yes, no, or uncertain choices. A fifth question was multiple-choice and asked women about their age range and preferences for website content (Kalmakis Banning, 2012). Data collection methods Study (A) selected only twenty from a total of 5232 different qualitative research studies available. The research gathered all the information from these selected studies, which explored the hope experience of the elderly with chronic conditions. Study (A) does not specify how each report examined their participants. The screening process was selected by title and abstract match. Out of the 20 studies, one is in Finnish and another in Japanese. The study incorporates different countries and cultures (Duggleby et al., 2012). On the contrary, study (B) collected the information through short paper surveys which were available to women victims of sexual assault. The surveys were offered in four different women centers in Massachusetts. The requisites to participate in the survey were that the women had to be at least 18 years old and victims of sexual abuse (Kalmakis Banning, 2012). By all means the information was kept confidential, no personal information was required. All the complete surveys were kept in a safe box and the information was retrieved two weeks afterShow MoreRelatedThe Elderly as a Vulnerable Population Essay811 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Elderly as a Vulnerable Population Lauren M. Lorio NUR/440 April 9, 2012 Maria Mendez The Elderly as a Vulnerable Population Vulnerability is defined as susceptibility or increased risk for health problems (DeChesnay, 2008).Ã A group of individuals are considered at higher risk for illness when their physical, emotional, psychological, or social health, is compromised (Aday, 2001).Ã There are many leading causes for why a population is considered at higher risk; socioeconomic, age, genderRead MorePrescription Assistance For The Elderly Population859 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPrescription Assistance for the Elderly Population The cost of medical care continues to increase, and for retired individuals on limited budgets the cost of medical care, especially prescription cost, can be staggering. I interviewed my hospitalÃ¢â¬â¢s case manager, Nelda Peacock, to discuss the issues and concerns with this population, specifically in regards to medication costs. In addition, we explored resources and assistance available to the elderly. Clinical Case Manager Interview Ms. PeacockRead MorePaper1220 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesstudies have looked at the need for adequate funding of health care services to solve the health care system problems. Therefore, this paper will look at the high-cost users of health care by looking at the high-cost expenditures on mental illness, elderly residential and long-term care, and pharmaceutical drugs. Furthermore, this paper will discuss how inequality of financing and delivering services can influence health expenditures and health outcomes. Towards the end, this paper will look at theRead MoreQuality Of Life Of Homebound Patients Managing Multiple Chronic Conditions1664 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesQuality of Life of Homebound Patients Managing Multiple Chronic Conditions Margaret A. Whalen, RN College of Saint Elizabeth Dr. Nancy English Dr. Kathleen Kremins October 7, 2016 Ã¢â¬Æ' Abstract Improving the quality of life for patients across the lifespan is currently an emerging topic of conversation in healthcare. The components that affect a patientÃ¢â¬â¢s quality of life include their physical health, their psychosocial and mental well-being and their physical surroundings. With regard to theirRead MoreHow Should We Accept Inevitable Progression Of Growing Old And Finally Death? Essay1369 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesliving with the aging and dying process through anecdotes and examples from the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s interview with his elderly and dying professor Morrie Schwartz. Morrie teaches us to face up to the real problem of aging and dying in order to remain youthful in spirits. The Aging Adult Experience There is no doubt that everyone knows about the biological, mental and physical changes that we experience as we age, which is known as aging. Aging is the process of Ã¢â¬Å"the process of change in the properties of aRead MoreThe Problem Of Senior Homelessness1360 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesabuse. While identifying the major risks associated with homelessness in the elderly population, a plan can be addressed and put into action to provide the supportive services necessary to cater to this overwhelming problem in our society. Firstly, it is important to understand the greater health risks these specific populations of people are exposed to. Elder adults beyond age 50 are more likely to be subject to chronic illnesses than homeless adults under the age of 50 (CSH and Hearth inc.). ToRead MoreLate Adulthood : The Stage Of The Human Life Cycle After The Age Of 65 Essay1701 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages The Ã¢â¬Å"oldÃ¢â¬ experience dramatic changes in their development as they face loss, death, and illness, as well as having to focus on their purpose and well-being through their physical, cognitive, and psychosocial development. During late adulthood one will experience dramatic loss and decline of physical abilities, strength, and energy as they near the end of their life cycle. Ã¢â¬Å"As we get older, we move slower, we become wrinkled, and we may feel the effects of various chronic conditions or disease.Read MoreHow to Live to Be 1001662 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesethnic minority elderly persons will grow much more rapidly than the number of White elderly people over the next 50 years. The percentage of older adults in the United States that is made up of Blacks and other non-White minorities will increase from 10.2 in 1990 to 15.3 in 2020 and 21.3% in 2050. (Fried p.4) In 2005, 9.4 percent of African Americans, 9.3 percent of Asian Americans, and 6.5 percent of Hispanics were older than 65. The leading causes of death among the elderly are chronic diseases, notablyRead MoreBiopsychosocial Model Essay1531 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesobstructive pulmonary disease is a chronic inflammatory lung disease that causes obstructive airway to the lungs (British Lung Foundation, 2017). Due to the ageing process, the immune system declines and predisposes elderly individuals to a higher risk of developing infections (Simon et al, 2015) e.g. chest infections. The biopsychosocial model will be applied to Mr smithÃ¢â¬â¢s care, the professionals dealing with his care will not only look at his biological condition as seen in the biomedical modelRead MoreA Brief Note On Nursing And Rehabilitation Center Essay1391 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesagencies in the healthcare sector that are involved with catering for different sectors of the population. The improvements of services provided in the healthcare sector and societal developments are increasing the ability to manage both chronic and acute conditions. Therefore, the life expectancy continues to improve, and the healthcare sector advances. However, the current pattern is increasing the demand for another service in the healthcare industry, which is nursing and rehabilitation. The agency
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Heliocentrism: The Vatican Menace Essay Heliocentrism: The Vatican MenaceThe impact of the Heliocentric TheoryHeliocentric: Relating to the sun as a center; appearing as if seen from the suns center.(Webster,447) The heliocentric theory was first introduced to the world by a Polish astronomer named Nicolaus Copernicus. Copernicus published his views on the heliocentric theory in his book Commentariolus, in 1514, which sparked the time period now known as the Copernican Revolution. Heliocentrism was proven true by the discoveries of Galileo, Kepler, and Newton; through their efforts to prove the validity of the heliocentric theory people began to find truth in science through experimentation rather than religion with no proof. Many scientists went through great ordeals for their scientific beliefs, thus making the heliocentric theory the most electrifying idea in human history. Ancient peoples believed in Gods and deities for causes to nature and the unexplained. Once the fourth century BC rolled around, people began to see astronomical phenomena as natural compound products of simple operations repeated in perpetuity rather than the actions of Gods. (Morphet, p.6) Greeks did not revere celestial bodies very strongly in their religion, despite having deities for the Sun and Moon. (North, p.78) Different peoples beliefs varied greatly in ancient times. Different countries progressed in thought at different speeds. During the Renaissance, many began to toss aside medieval preoccupations with supernatural forces and turned to secular concerns like fame. (Yamasaki, p.50) With the Age of Discovery, people began to think for themselves and ponder truths through philosophy, science, astronomy, astrology, etc. Philosophers minds began to turn, the human mind was finally awake. Plato, a famous Greek philosopher, believed stars were Gods that the creator gave life to. This view was very influential and proved to be sort of a religion for intellectual idealists, no longer for the populace. At the time, the thought of heavenly bodies being divine, and stars being eternal objects in unchanging motion were common knowledge. Thinking otherwise was considered Atheistic. (North, p.78) Fellow famous Renaissance man, and Platos pupil, Aristotle, was also a very important figure. Born in Stagira in 384, Aristotle is regarded as the most influential ancient philosopher of the sciences. Aristotle refined Callippus geometrical and spherical concepts, and developed the geocentric theory, which was believed for two thousand years. (North, p.80) Aristotle believed that the sphere is the most perfect figure because when rotated to any diameter it occupies the same space; and that circular motions are a sign of perfection, which is why Heaven is considered divine. The spheric al nature of the Earth and Universe according to Aristotle, is the natural movement of Earthly matter from all places downwards, to a center, around which a sphere of matter will build up. Only circular motion is capable of endless repetition without a reversal of direction, and rotary motion is prior to linear because what is external, or at least could have always existed, is prior, or at least potentially prior, to what is not. In Aristotles book De Caelo (On the Heavens), he speaks of the celestial sphere, the Earths center being the same shape, and dismissing the idea of the Earth rotating at the center of the universe. He also dismisses the idea of an orbital motion of the Earth. (North, p.81)Contradicting Aristotle, Heracleides, an astronomer, believed in the rotation of the Earth on its axis and is known to be the earliest astronomer to stand by it. He was thought to have taken the first step in Copernicanism. It is believed in the years to follow that Copernicus was said to have mentioned Heracleides name in this connection. (North, p.85)Aristarchus of Samos was the first astronomer to clearly put forth a true sun-centered theory, learned from Archimedes. (North, p.85) Aristarchus hypotheses are that the fixed stars and the Sun are stationary, that the Earth is carried in a circular orbit around the Sun, which lies in the middle of its orbit, and that the spheres of fixed stars, having the same center as the Sun, is so great in extent that the circle on which the Earth is supposedly carried is in the same ratio to the distance of the sphere has to its surface. (North, p.85-6) If Aristarchus did believe in heliocentrism, he still could not prove the differences in the Earths motion and seasons, which explains its failure to be accepted. (North, p.86-7)Although scientists such as Eudoxus, Callippus, and Aristotle all came up with Earth-centered systems based by providing a center for all motions, Ptolemy was triumphant for he was able to explain sphere sizes and achieved a single system, which was not done by the others. When Ptolemy achieved a single system, the sizes of the shells accommodating maximum and minimum planetary distances were settled on the principle that there must be no void, no wasted space, between them. (North, p.285) His misconception was he believed that if the Earth was not fixed entirely, it would shatter, even though Copernicus reveals that planets distanc es from Earth and motions vary, and that the Earth endlessly repeats in motion. (North, p.286) Despite the Catholic Church adopting Ptolemys and Aristotles beliefs of geocentrism, those theories did not correspond to the astronomical observations of the time. (Yamasaki, p.50) The Copernican Revolution began during the European Renaissance and was named after Nicolaus Copernicus. (Morphet, p.4) this period saw elements of a modern scientific outlook extend its boundaries into areas of enquiry where observation and measurement had hitherto been less important than philosophical speculation and a priori reasoning. (Morphet, p.4-5) although the Copernican heliocentric theory dealt directly with the structure of the solar system, its indirect consequences embraced the whole fabric of thought, inaugurating a breakthrough in peoples outlook on the world. Copernicus liberated the human mind, which had been fettered up to his day by traditional conventions, and he opposed the basing of scien ce solely on sensory experiences. Taking a stand against the entire world of that time and against the supreme authority that he recognized?the church and the Holy Scripture, against the views consolidated and sanctified by the knowledge of scholars of many previous centuries?he instilled into the minds of men boldness in thinking, but he also taught them humility in the quest for truth. Copernicus science of the stars is also a science of man and his place on an Earth which is spinning through the universe. (Adamczewski, p. 156-7)Copernicus published the first outline on heliocentrism in his book Commentary on the Hypothesis of the Movement of Celestial Orbs, in 1514. It was the first of its kind, without all of the mathematics. (Adamczewski, p.114) The Copernican theory explained the Earth-Sun line and gave a more plausible reason as to why the Suns role is important in the motions of the Moon and planets in the solar system when compared to Ptolemys. By introducing the Sun into t he theory of motion of every planet, Copernicus made it possible to represent all in a single system. (North, p.285) The heliocentric system presented the planets positions more logically, going around or below the Sun. It also explained the relative sizes of the planets retrograde arcs and why outer-stellar planets are brightest in opposition. (North, p.287) Societys reaction to the heliocentric system was not a favorable one. Many people thought Who would dare to place Copernicus authority higher than the Holy Scripture? (Adamczewski, p.148) Believing that the Earth rotates on its axis, planets revolve around the Sun, and planetary orbits were elliptical due to the force of gravity was then thought of as inconceivable. (Morphet, p.4) Copernicus was passionately criticized by colleagues and peers for his enthusiasm of the ancient philosophers, who were viewed as incorrect. (Adamczewski, p.141) The only point that Copernicus was trying to makes was that there does not exist any comm on center for all the celestial orbs or spheres; the center of the Earth is not the center of the universe; but only the center of gravity and the center of the Moons path; all the planets revolve around the Sun, which is the center. (Adamczewski, p.115)As a result of the bad reaction towards Copernicus views, he hesitated from publishing his famous book De Revolutionibus. Copernicus claims that apprehension of the derision which I had to fear because of the hard-to- understand novelty of my theory. (Adamczewski, p.144) Prior to the March 21, 1543 publication of De Revolutionibus, a falsifier of Copernicus work, Andreas Osiander, added his own foreword to the book saying that it was a fictitious scheme for calculations, just an hypothesis. Analysis of The Age of Anxiety by W.H. Auden EssayIn 1610, Galileo published his discoveries in a book called Starry Messenger. One of his discoveries being that of Jupiter having four Moons! Wow. It was translated and sold all over the world. By the end of that year, he had discovered that Jupiter also had rings, but most importantly he discovered that the Sun was the center of the solar system because the sunlight on the other planets move across like here on Earth. He now had the proof to defend the Copernican heliocentric theory, but would people believe him?After the 1613 of another book called Letters on Sunspots, Pope Paul found Galileos book a threat to the Catholic Church. In 1616, The Pope denounced the Copernican theory, surprising Galileo. During 1626, a group formed and plotted to ruin Galileo. They felt that faith was more important than the truth of the universe. The asked Galileo to renounce his belief in heliocentrism and his discoveries because the Bible spoke not hing of his discoveries therefore they thought them false. Despite the evidence Galileo now had to prove the validity of the heliocentric theory, the Church ordered Galileo to speak of heliocentrism only as an hypothesis even though it was true. Galileos third book, Dialogue on the Two Great Systems of the World, was about the Church and science. Although it was very popular the Pope banned it feeling it was wrong and insulting. The Church now saw his book as heresy and ordered Galileo to appear before the Holy Office of the Inquisition. Now 68 years old and failing in health, Galileo publicly recanted and admitted his crimes in order to save his life. He was not able to escape the wrath of the Inquisition and was confined to his home for the rest of his life. Seeing that the Inquisition gave harsher punishments than that, Galileo was glad to receive a light conviction. Galileo lived to be 78 years old, and died in 1642 due to sickness causing his to be bedridden his last three years. Through Galileos experiments and discoveries he was able to confirm Copernicus theories, further developed observational astronomy, and with Kepler, prepared the groundwork for Isaac Newtons discovery of the Law of Universal Gravitation. (Adamc zewski, p.158) Bibliography:BibliographyPrimaryNorth, John. The Norton History of Astronomy ans Cosmology. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 1995. Information on the history of astronomy, cosmology, and the important figures who helped to further develop science. Quotes andinformation were used in my report. Adamczewski, Jan. Nicolaus Copernicus and His Epoch. Washington DC: Copernicus Society of America, 197-. A biography on Nicolaus Copernicus. Information on Copernicus and quotes were used in my report. Morphet, Clive. Galileo and Copernican Astronomy: A scientific world view defined. Boston: Buttherworths, 1977. The influence of Copernicus and Galileo in the history of science. Information and quotes on these two figures were used in my report. Silverburg, Robert. Four Men Who Changed the Universe. New York: G.P. Putnams Sons, 1968. Information on four figures who changed science: Copernicus, Galileo, Kepler, and Brahe. Quotes and facts on all four of thesemen were used in my report. Copernican System. Passages from De Revolutionibus. http://es.rice.edu/ES/humsoc/Galileo/Things/copernican_system.htmlWebsite containing information on Galileo, and other science-relatedthings involving Galileo. A picture of Copernicus heliocentric theorywas used to help with the background information to my report. SecondarySis, Peter. Starry Messenger. New York: Frances Foster Books, 1996. A pictorial biography of Galileo Galilei. Information on his life was used for background information to my report. Yamasaki, Mitch. The Scientific Revolution in Pre-Modern Europe. Honolulu, Hawaii: National History Day, 1998. An essay on the Scientific Revolution sparked by the introduction ofheliocentrism. Information on Copernicus and his influences wereused for background information. Galileo, Microsoft(R) Encarta(R) 96 Encyclopedia. (c)1993-1995 MicrosoftCorp. This CD-ROM contained photos and information on Galileo Galilei. Facts on Galileo were used for background information in my report. Johannes Kepler, Microsoft(R) Encarta(R) 98 Encyclopedia. (c)1993-1997Microsoft Corp. This CD-ROM article contained general information on Kepler. Factson his impact in science were used in my research. People Who Have Influenced Our Ideas of the Solar System. http://seds.lpl.arizona.edu/nineplanets/psc/theman.htmlThis website contained information on key figures in the developmentof astronomy. Information on scientists was used in my research.